is Senior Lecturer in the Department of Politics, Philosophy and Religion at Lancaster University, UK. He obtained his doctorate at Oxford University and has degrees in social science and religious studies from US and other UK institutions. His principal research interest concerns the interface of religion and late-modern society. Among his more recent publications are: New Era – New Religions: Religious Transformation in Contemporary Brazil (Ashgate, 2007); Sociology of Religion (SCM Press, 2011); Santo Daime: A New World Religion (Bloomsbury, 2013); and, as editor, Summoning the Spirits (I.B. Tauris, 2011) and The Politics and Practice of Religious Diversity (Routledge, 2015); co-edited with C. M. de Castro, Religion, Migration and Mobility: The Brazilian Experience (Routledge, 2016).PublicationsMonographs2013. Santo Daime: A New World Religion. London: Bloomsbury.2011. Sociology of Religion. London: SCM Press.2007. New Era – New Religions: Religious Transformation in Contemporary Brazil. Aldershot: Ashgate.1998. The Birth and Impact of the Base Ecclesial Community and Liberative Theological Discourse in Brazil. Lanham: ISP.Edited Works 2011. Summoning the Spirits: Possession and Invocation in Contemporary Religion. London: I.B. Tauris.2008. ‘Latin America’ Special Edition of Fieldwork in Religion, 3.2.Book ChaptersForthcoming a. Putting Baby Back in the Bath: Theorising Modernity for the Contemporary Sociology of Religion, in A. McKinnon and M. Trzebiatowska eds, Sociological Theory and the Question of Religion. London: Ashgate.Forthcoming b. The Ayahuasca Religions of Brazil, in S. Engler and B. Schmidt eds, Brill Handbook on Contemporary Religions in Brazil. Leiden: Brill. 2014. La Religione in Vendita: Mercato e Religiosità Contemporanea, in M. C. Giorda, S. Palmisano and M. G. Turri eds, Religioni & Economie: Idee ed Esperienze. Mimesis: Milan, 55–77. 2013. Entangled Modernity and Commodified Religion: Alternative Spirituality and the ‘New Middle Class’, in F. Gauthier and T. Martikainen eds, Religion in Consumer Society: Brands, Consumers and Markets. Aldershot: Ashgate, 127–42.2013. Making Matter Matter: The Santo Daime Ritual of Feitio, in N. Tassi and D. Espirito Santo eds, Making Spirits: Materiality and Transcendence in Contemporary Religion. London: I. B. Tauris, 229–52.2011. Introduction: Possession and Invocation in Contemporary Context, in A. Dawson ed. Summoning the Spirits: Possession and Invocation in Contemporary Religion. London: I.B. Tauris, 1–20.2011. Spirit, Self and Society in the Brazilian New Religion of Santo Daime, in A. Dawson ed. Summoning the Spirits: Possession and Invocation in Contemporary Religion. London: I.B. Tauris, 143–61.2010. Taking Possession of Santo Daime: The Growth of Umbanda within a Brazilian New Religion, in B. Schmidt & L. Huskinson eds, Spirit Possession and Trance: New Interdisciplinary Perspectives. London: Continuum, 134–50.2008. Religious Identity and Millenarian Belief in Santo Daime, in A. Day ed. Religion and the Individual: Belief, Practice, Identity. Aldershot: Ashgate, 183–95.2007. The Origins and Character of The Base Ecclesial Community: A Brazilian Perspective, in C.C. Rowland ed. A Cambridge Companion to Liberation Theology. Second Edition. Cambridge. Cambridge University Press, 139–58.2003. Becoming Personal: A Liberationist Perspective, in D. Primozic ed. Suffering Death and Identity. New York: Rodopi, 181–92.Refereed Journal Articles2014. ‘Religion and the Theoretical Implications of “Globalizing Modernity”’, Civitas – Revista de Ciências Sociais, 14.3.2012. ‘Spirit Possession in a New Religious Context: The Umbandization of Santo Daime’, Nova Religio, 15.4, 60–84.2011. ‘Consuming the Self: New Spirituality as “Mystified Consumption”’, Social Compass, 58.3, 309–15.2010. ‘Positionality and Role-Identity in a New Religious Context: Participant Observation at Céu do Mapiá’, Religion, 40, 173–81.2008. ‘New Era Millenarianism in Brazil’, Journal of Contemporary Religion, 23.3, 269–83.2006. ‘A Phenomenological Study of the Gnostic Church of Brazil’, Fieldwork in Religion, 2.1, 27–48.2006. ‘East is East, Except When It’s West: The Easternization Thesis and the Western Habitus’, Journal of Religion and Society, 8, www.moses.creighton.edu/JRS/2006/2006-5.html.2005. ‘The Gnostic Church of Brazil: Contemporary Neo-esotericism in Late-Modern Perspective’, Interdisciplinary Journal of Research on Religion, 1.8, www.religjournal.com/.2004. ‘Mystical Experience as Universal Connectedness: Leonardo Boff’s “trans-cultural phenomenology”’, Journal of Contemporary Religion, 19.2, 155–69. 2002. ‘A Very Brazilian Experience: The Base Education Movement, 1961–67’, Journal of History of Education, 31.1, 185–94.2002. ‘New World, New Politics, New Labour: Third Way Revisionism and Prophetic Political Theology’, Journal of Political Theology, 3.2, 156–77.Encyclopaedia & Dictionary EntriesForthcoming a. Possession & Exorcism in Brazil. J. Laycock ed. Spirit Possession around the World: Possession, Communion, and Demon Expulsion across Cultures. Santa Barbara: ABC-Clio.Forthcoming b. Santo Daime. J. Laycock ed. Spirit Possession around the World: Possession, Communion, and Demon Expulsion across Cultures. Santa Barbara: ABC-Clio.2012. Religion in Latin America, in M. Juergensmeyer and W. C. Roof eds, Encyclopedia of Global Religion. New York: Sage, 688–96.2011. Base Communities, in I. A. McFarland et al eds, The Cambridge Dictionary of Christian Theology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 59. 2004. South American Indigenous Religions, in C.H. Partridge ed. Introduction to World Religions. New York: Augsburg Fortress Press, 114–19.2003. Candomblé, in C.H. Partridge ed. New Religions, A Guide: New Religious Movements, Sects & Alternative Spiritualities. New York: Oxford University Press, 287–8.2003. Jesus in South American Christianity, in J.L. Houlden ed. Jesus in History, Culture and Thought: An Encyclopaedia. London: ABC-Clio, 33–40.2003. The Universal Christian Gnostic Church, in C.H. Partridge ed. New Religions, A Guide: New Religious Movements, Sects & Alternative Spiritualities. New York: Oxford University Press, 345–6.2003. Umbanda, in C.H. Partridge ed. New Religions, A Guide: New Religious Movements, Sects & Alternative Spiritualities. New York: Oxford University Press, 294.